This scenario depicts a radical shift towards a shared living lifestyle. In the Shared World, people have embraced community living and shared-resources lifestyle featuring two key aspects: shared mobility and multi-zone districts.
Shared mobility is an innovative transportation strategy that enables users to gain short-term access to transportation modes on an ‘as-needed’ basis, such as the shared use of a vehicle, bicycle, or other modes. The term includes various forms of carsharing, bikesharing, ridesharing (carpooling and vanpooling and on-demand ride services). (Shaheen et al, 2015)
Multi-zone districts are an overhaul of the current land use plan that fundamentally changes travel patterns and reduces cross-island travel for Singaporeans. In this future urban form, each district of approximately 3-4 sq. km is organised in clusters of self-sustaining zones, complete with residential blocks around the circumference of each zone and commercial activity hubs, shopping centres, educational institutes, healthcare, MRT stations and other facilities at the centre of each zone.
Key features in this scenario are:
Government policies – The government has taken up the dominant role in shaping the mobility landscape and designing the new urban form. The government has focused on developing shared mobility systems in Singapore to increase utilization per vehicle and giving people an alternative to buying their own cars. In 2040, shared mobility systems has the highest share of modal split among all vehicle miles travelled in Singapore. Moreover, since the late 2010s, the government has re-invented the education structure to nurture innovation and creativity, and to promote entrepreneurship and cultivate more risk-taking behaviour in young Singaporeans. By 2030, reforms in the education system have borne fruit as Singapore is among the top 10 countries in the world for innovative capacity. As a result of this increasing innovative capacity, Singapore is benefiting from harvesting home-grown innovation in the mobility sector. Lastly, due the policy shifts in education system towards making “Every School a Good School”, household relocation for priority placement in schools has now become a thing of the past.
Mobility modes – The primary modes of transport within the districts are autonomous shuttle buses, shared personal mobility devices (PMDs) such as e-bikes, e-scooters, and Segways, and a vibrant culture of active mobility. Since early 2020s, infrastructure was being built to make walking and cycling more conducive, comfortable and efficient way to travel short distances. Shared PMDs are extensively being used for intra-districts trips as well as first/last mile trips to/from subway stations as “Park-and-Ride” and “shared stops” facilities at stations make it convenient for commuters to park their PMD and embark on a train ride. By 2030, PMD models specially designed for the aged have also been adopted by elderly population. For cross-island travel, the vast state-run mass rapid transit network, which was completed by 2030, forms the backbone. It is further complemented by car sharing and ridesharing facilities. This was a radical shift in Singaporean users’ travel behavior compared to 2016, where cars were perceived as status symbols in Singapore.
Life and work style – In an attempt to reduce cross-island travel for daily trip purpose, both government and companies are constantly developing innovative ways to provide people with most facilities within their districts. By 2030, another form of commercial centers starting springing up that can act as combined work spaces for several companies. In this new era of work culture, employees go to commercial centres in their districts, find a desk, enter their passcode in the virtual reality headset, and find themselves in a virtual office attending meetings and chatting with their colleagues – who are also tuned in through virtual reality headsets from different districts. By 2040, most companies invest in virtual offices, rather than land and physical locations. This new urban form has allowed the elderly and impaired to pursue their interests without travelling long distances. By 2035, the retirement age has increased to 80 as people are living longer and healthier lives.
Urban freight – In this scenario, e-commerce has grown significantly, but still accounts for less than two-thirds of total retail. Most people still enjoy shopping at brick-and-mortar stores given its social dimension. However, they no longer need to carry their purchases with them due to a new form of urban freight within the districts. A web of underground tunnels connects each residential cluster with shopping centres and supermarkets. Purchases are deposited at freight delivery centres located inside the shopping malls, and tagged with the recipient’s address. By the time a person reaches home, his goods are waiting at a freight receiving centre near his residential block. Moreover, the significant rise of e-commerce, together with sophistication of shared mobility systems has led to the provision of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) freight delivery services. By 2040, most urban deliveries are being undertaken by this independent courier network.
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